I was born in East Los Angeles, CA, on August 13, 1951, and lived in L.A. and South El Monte until the age of 12, at which point we moved to Nicaragua (home to my parents and extended family). While in Nicaragua, we lived in Matagalpa for about one year and then Managua for about three years. The family moved back to the U.S. when I was 16, eventually migrating to El Monte (a slight step up from South El Monte).  I graduated from El Monte High school in 1970, and spent the next ten years studying politics and economics at Pasadena City College, California State University Los Angeles, and the University of California Riverside; earning B.A.s, M.A.s, and a Ph.D. along the way.

From 1980 to 1983, I worked as an adjunct instructor for the Department of Economics at the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire.  Then in 1983 I was hired as an Assistant Professor by the Department of Economics at California State University San Bernardino (CSUSB). I’ve been working at CSUSB ever since. I moved up the ranks from Assistant to Associate and then Full Professor, and served as Chair of the department for seven years in the 1990s.  After a ten-year break I volunteered, in the Spring of 2010, to serve as Chair once again; and am still serving in that capacity.  I’ve written a text-book (The Political Economics of Capitalism), published a few articles, book reviews, and editorials; and have served on the editorial board of the Journal of Economic Issues and the editorial collective for Latin American Perspectives.

The intellectual currents that have influenced the way I see the world are Radical Political Economists in the tradition of Karl Marx and Thorstein Veblen, Post Keynesian Economics, and the Dependentistas of Latin America.